52 residents in 52 weeks #34 John Piccoppe

We have met John Piccoppe before in this series. In week 22 I considered the speculation that Johannes Kippax resigned his living in 1662 to lead the dissenting congregation in Rossendale.
John Piccoppe owned the barn in which this congregation was granted a licence to meet in 1672.

It was probably, but not absolutely certainly, the barn at Lodge Fold Farm which stood in the centre of Higher Cloughfold on the southern boundary of Springhill. Lodge Fold Farm was built in 1629 and rebuilt in 1854.

lodge fold farm 2

It stood until 1936 when it was sadly demolished for road widening, being replaced by a grassed area, a bus stop and a set of public toilets. Given the speeds at which cars traverse the village, many wished it had been retained for traffic calming…

lodge fold datestone

The 1629 datestone was removed when the farm was demolished and set in a 'history wall' in the grounds of Whitaker Museum in Rawtenstall, from which it was removed one night with the 'assistance' of a JCB. It was the only stone taken.

So much for the barn, what of the man?

John Piccop of Deadwenclough received wages in 1672 'for the graveship of the Forest of Rossendale' from John Ormerod
(LRO NCHa/71/2. Quite why they are filed with the records of the National Coal Board I'm not sure…it is under 'Miscellaneous'…) This is not on the list of Greaves in Newbigging's 'History of the Forest of Rossendale'.

John s James Piccop was baptised May 1630 Newchurch St Nicholas (LDS Film 1040340) This John would be age 42 in 1672 so plausible, indeed he is the only plausible candidate baptised at Newchurch. However there is no guarantee he was baptised there or, given his later nonconformist sympathies, baptised at all.

Putative marriages, all St Nicholas:
Elizabeth Mills 22 Nov 1663 (bur 30 Jan 1668/9)
Dorothy Hamar 8 Jul 1669 (bur 9 Jul 1680)
Alice Whittaker 19 April 1676 (poss bur 6 Oct 1688 abode 'Wainyate', or 11 June 1680)
Jana Heyworth 5 Nov 1671
Alice of Wainyate is an interesting candidate given his interests in the area.

Johannes Piccop bur 20 Jun 1691 St Nicholas, abode Dewinclough. Sion was still meeting in private property and didn't have a graveyard at that time. He is not listed in the register of interments for the Rossendale
Quaker burial grounds. Again, these are speculative.

So actual facts are scanty. However, if he was the Greave in 1672, we may have his

receipt John Piccop scan

52 residents in 52 weeks #33 Charles Patrick

I have reproduced my original blog post about Charles Patrick from April 2014. In many ways he is integral to this OPS and his influence on Springhill and the surrounding area was huge.
'The house was 120 years old, with 120 years old timbers and 120 years old joists. It creaked a bit and wind blew down chimneys and through ill-fitting windows. The little girl, unnerved by the noises, was reassured that it was only ’the Capting’.

“The Capting” - Captain Charles Patrick - was a previous owner of the house. The little girl amused herself with stories of the dashing army captain, her war hero. Later she passed them down to her daughter. So it came as a bit of a disappointment to the little girl when she discovered that the Capting was actually a sub-inspector of factories.

The Capting did not build the house. That was there before, built some 30 or so years before the Capting by a colliery proprietor who wanted a residence commensurate which his wealth and status. Rather the Capting married well, marrying the spinster daughter of the late collier who was ‘living off her own means’. He soon exerted his presence, extending the house and employing 2 extra house servants plus a gardener and a groom. The little girl often told her daughter that she thought the Capting lived well off his wife’s money.

He was not a local man, suddenly appearing in a nearby town apparently from nowhere.Yet he became a figure in the local community. A prominent Churchman, Conservative, Freemason and Local Government Board member he chaired meetings, gave speeches and made donations. His poultry, horses and pigs won prizes and the Capting would proclaim toasts at the after-fair dinner. He could turn a phrase which could turn a debate or convince a judge. But perhaps a bit devil-may-care; despite knowing a landowner banned huntsmen from his land, the Capting would hunt first and pay damages later. Perhaps the dashing image of the little girl wasn’t too far out. But she was beginning to believe that perhaps the Capting had not been above embellishing his army record to enhance his social standing and details of the ‘considerable active service abroad to which his obituary refers have proved stubbornly elusive. Was his army record really limited to his being a Captain in the yeomanary reserves?

The Capting and his wife were philanthropic, giving land and money to endow a school and a church. He could also be more quietly generous, paying the poor rate for his tenants in a year of bad harvests. And there is something attractive about a man working to uphold the law and prevent exploitation. He led investigations outside his own areas, including one in Strangeways prison. He even went as far as disguising himself as a tramp, so as not to be recognised by the mill owners. Yet on at least one occasion a mill owner was acquitted because the Capting had set his watch by the incorrect clock.

He brought land and property, ultimately owning much of the village and a fair bit of the next one as well. There was no issue from the marriage and on his death the estate was divided between his wife’s two nieces. The village square was renamed in his memory. The church and school he endowed still thrive.

The house was divided too, first into two then into three, with various outbuildings being converted into dwellings. One portion was bought by the little girl’s father. Five generations of the family have lived there, listening to the timber creak and remembering the Capting.'

There are seven pages on this site directly related to Patrick. There are many unanswered questions however:
Charles Patrick was born in Winchmore Hill, Middlesex. His family lived in Lincolnshire and Edinburgh during his childhood. Why did they move?
His army service has since been demonstrated to be in Canada - why did he move there? Does that count as 'considerable active service abroad' as I haven't yet found any evidence of engagement?
Why did he return from Canada to become sub-inspector of factories in Rochdale?
How did he meet and woo Mary Ann Ashworth?
His will refers to a separate one relating only to property in Canada - what and where?
There may not be time to pursue all of these and there are limits to the extent to which a one-place study can poke outside the place. But its fun…

52 residents in 52 weeks #32 Thomas Ormerod

Thomas Ormerod lived pretty much all his life in Springhill or the immediately surrounding area. It is quite possible that he scarcely ventured outside a radius of a couple of miles or so.
He was born ~1842 in 'Cloughfold' at a time when Cloughfold comprised of only a couple of dozen properties or so. He was the 5th son of George Ormerod, Stone Mason and his wife Betty. He is still there, in 'Cloughfold', in 1851. thanks Mr Enumerator for pinning down the houses so precisely…
It was no better in 1861, when Thomas was living in 'Cloughfold' with his parents. By this time he was working as a labourer. Interestingly this household on census night included three grandchildren of George and Betty, each with different surnames… Schofield, Ingham and Ormerod. Mmm.
1871 finds him married to Fanny with two children, John Thos (b ~ 1866) and Jane Ann (b ~ 1870). He is now a farm servant in 'Cloughfold'. In 1866 at the baptism of John Thomas (at Newchurch St Nicholas) his occupation is given as 'gardener'.

Ormerod T 250

1881 'Thirteen Cloughfold' with wife Mary Ann (b Preston, ~ 1842) and children Jane (b ~ 1870), James (b ~ 1871) and John Richard (b ~ 1873) together with a niece Sarah Jane Lonsdale, b Cloughfold ~ 1855 and male lodger John Taylor. By this time he was a farm labourer.
1891 'The Green, Newchurch' with third wife Annie, all of 1/2 mile away if that. Occupation at this time was 'labourer in general'
1901 and 1911 in Springhill. In 1901 this is specified as Springhill Cottage, now a substantial dwelling. He was a farm labourer on both censuses. It is probable that at least some of his time as a farm lab was spent working on Springhill Farm.
He did nothing remarkable that we know of, getting on with his life. Life was sad at times, with him burying two wives, work hard and finances probably tight.

52 residents #31 James Ormerod

There are said to be four graves in Rossendale on private land. At least two, and possibly all four of these have links to my area.

The first is that of Richard Ashworth, one time pastor of Sion Baptist church who was buried at his request in the garden of Carr House, Hall Carr in 1751 after 52 years in the pastorate.

The second is that of James Ormerod and is in Higher Cloughfold, to the south of the east end of Patrick Crescent.

Beneath Are deposited the earthly Remains of JAMES ORMEROD INNKEEPER who departed This Life the 9th Day of NovR 1817, in the 57th Year of his Age Dear, loving faithful Partner now farewell With whom it was my Happiness to dwell With whom I was united Heart with Heart From whom it is so painful thus to part Yet shall the gracious Hand that thee took hence By Love divine thy Absence recompense Prepare me for the bliss thou hast & then Eternity unite us both again When we this good Man’s Life explore We cannot but allow, Whate’er this Place might be before ‘Tis consecrated now.
Local legend has it that his burial at this site was due to suicide debarring him from the local parish churchyard. Possible, but i have been unable to verify this.

The site is Grade II listed and
British Listed Buildings link the four burials:
Thomas Haworth, d 1800, is one of the four (bur Orchard House, Crawshawbooth)
Thomas Haworth's son in law witnessed the will of James Ormerod, whose grave is described above.
Thomas Haworth was trustee of James Haworth, d 1772, the third of the four (buried Edge End Farm, Constable Lee)
Another of James Haworth's trustees was Richard Ashworth jnr, son of Richard Ashworth snr, the onetime pastor of Sion and the fourth of these private burials (Bur Carr House, Hall Carr)
For good measure, James Ormerod was trustee for the will of James Haworth jnr, son of the James Haworth who was the third of these four.

Got that?

This leads the people at English Heritage to speculate that all four were involved in the same Baptist congregation. Whilst they discuss the Baptist chapel at Goodshaw, if this is true it is more likely to be Sion with Richard Ashworth snr's pastorate there. There are gravestones in Sion dating from before this period so burial there was an option.

Well this is interesting. I haven't (yet!) obtained the wills in question or verified that the James Ormerod in the wills is the same as that in the burial. All the names involved - Ashworth, Ormerod and Haworth - are pretty common locally and untangling them all is some undertaking. More playtime!

But this James Ormerod is plainly described as an Innkeeper. Now Sion at that time was a Strict Baptist church and the temperance movement was strong in Rossendale (reflecting in part the strength of non-conformity, including the Methodists). It would be interesting if there were nonconformist Innkeepers of sufficient piety to prefer burial on private ground.

Except…Sion graveyard also includes the burial stones of the family of Thomas Tattersall, Innkeeper, dated 1873. Of whom more later. But there does appear to have been Innkeepers active in the congregation, at least by this date.

52 residents #30 Alice Nuttall

Alice Nuttall ticks all the boxes as she is both a Springhill resident and one of my direct ancestors (3xg gm). Although 5 generations of my family have lived in our house, Alice was not one of them.

Alice lived in the Cloughfold area all her life, being born there in 1819 and baptised at Newchurch St Nicholas on 1 Sept 1819. She was the daughter of John Ashworth, weaver, and his wife Betty.

On 31 Dec 1837 she married Richard Nuttall in St Nicholas. She was a minor at the time of her wedding, a useful fact in trying to demonstrate just which of the 'Alice, daughter of John' she was.

Richard and Alice had four children:
Henry b 1838
Jane b 1842 - my ancestor. Her first husband, John Taylor (my ggf), was rather gruesomely killed in a quarry accident.
Alice b 1845
Richard b 1851.

Alice lived in 3 Edge Lane for over 30 years, being recorded there in the 1861-1891 censuses. She was widowed by this time and worked as a laundress, probably taking in washing from Captain Patrick of Springhill House and others of the rich and famous of the district.

Alice's example is remarkable not for the details of her life which are quite straightforward but as an indicator of the social structure of the neighbourhood and how that changed over time. Her two-roomed cottage was within 20 yards of the big house which dominated Springhill. Of the 10 houses in Springhill at the time, 5 had 5 rooms or more, 3 had only two.

tri 2015 200

By 2005 the house had been knocked through with its neighbour. It is seen here on the left behind the cars. Before conversion, the estimated sale price was £238,000 or thereabouts. Not within the range of the average laundress any longer.