Springhill is small enough to look at the data on the 1911 census in some detail, unfortunately the other side of that is that the dataset is too small to draw population-based conclusions.

The trees are drawn from census data with a few BMD dates checked. They are presented in alphabetical order of surname.

Click on the diagrams for larger copy.

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Of the 32 people recorded as being in Springhill on the 1911 census, 6 were born in Cloughfold itself and a further 12 in Rossendale. Fourteen were born outside the Rossendale area, as in 1901 this is a surprisingly high proportion.

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James Ferguson, resident at 3 Springhill.
b ~ 1879, cotton cloth presser.
Although born in Blackburn, his family appeared to come to Rossendale between 1881 and 1891 and were in Newchurch by 1893.

He was living at West View, Higher Cloughfold in 1901 and been married for 7 years with one child living and no deceased children.

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James Hindle, resident at 3 Edge Lane.
b ~ 1839 Haslingden Rossendale, taper in cotton mill, retired by 1911. He did not record the number of years married but had 2 children living and no deceased children

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Harriet Mannion nee Carter, resident at Springhill Lodge.
b ~ 1890 Cloughfold, m John Mannion ~1910, no issue. Housekeeper, presumably to Robert J H Mitchell in Springhill House, of which the lodge forms the gatehouse.
In 1901 she was living with her father, William Henry Carter, at 4 Springhill. William Henry was a gas works labourer (presumably at Rossendale Union gas works 400 yards away), coming to Cloughfold from Sheffield between 1881 and 1883.

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Robert John Howorth Mitchell, resident at Springhill House.
b ~ 1881 Waterfoot, Rossendale, director of MASCO felt works.
RJH was the only son of Robert John Chadwick Mitchell, one of the ‘Mitchell brothers’ of the felt works of that name. This firm was established in ~1860 by their father, John Mitchell and in the second half of C19 was the largest single felt company in the UK. It joined with two other local felt companies to form MASCO in 1904.
RJH married his cousin, the daughter of William Mitchell in 1910 and lived in Springhill House until 1923. There are no children of the marriage recorded on the 1911 census

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James Ormerod, resident at 2 Springhill.
b ~ 1876, Waterfoot, Rossendale. Gas meter inspector. He had been married 9 years in 1911 with three children, all deceased.

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Thomas Ormerod, resident at Springhill Cottage.
b ~ 1844, Cloughfold. Farm labourer, possibly at Springhill Farm.
In 1901 he was resident in ‘Springhill’ and worked as a brick labourer. He was living with Annie Harker, nee Nicholson, his third wife. They had been married 11 years in 1911 with no issue.

The two Ormerods do not appear to be first degree relatives.

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Albert Pope , resident at 1 Edge Lane
b~1860, Ely Cambs, Stone Mason. His wife, Mary Elizabeth Cross was also from Ely. The couple married in Haslingden registration district with two children living and none deceased in 1911.
In the 1901 census Albert is recorded in Bacup as a visitor of Benjamin Pope, stone quarryman, of Thetford, Cambs and Mary in Bacup with near neighbours Henry Cross of Ely, Cambs. These are presumably relatives but the relationships have not been explored further.

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Harold Rawlinson, resident at Rose Cottage.
b ~ 1865 Bell Buck, Yorkshire, Cashier in woollen mill. He had been married 9 years in 1911 with no issue.
He appears on the 1891 census in Whitewell Terrace, Lumb, Rossendale.

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William Spence, resident at Springhill Farm,
b ~ 1862 Slaidburn, farmer. He died in 1914 and is buried in Sion graveyard, less than 10 yards from his house.
In 1901 he is farming on Lower Chapel Hill, about 400 yards away, where he had been for at least 10 years.
Springhill Farm was farmed by three generations of the Spence family, indeed three generations called William Spence. In 1911 William Spence primus had been married 25 years with one living child and no deceased children.

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Edward Spencer, resident at 4 Springhill.
b ~ 1881 Cloughfold, weaving overlooker. He had been married 6 years with one child living and none deceased.
In 1901 he is living with his father at Lodge Fold, now demolished but then next to Springhill. Originally a farm, Lodge Fold appears not to have been being farmed at this time and his father, Joseph, was a joiner in a cotton mill.

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